**Monday, June 18, 2007 **

Technische Universität Berlin

Fakultät II, Institut für Mathematik

Str. des 17. Juni 136

10623 Berlin

MA 041

** Lecture - 14:15**

*Abstract:*

Since Hironaka's 1964 proof that in characteristic zero the
singularities of any algebraic variety can be resolved, several
algorithms for constructive desingularizations have been proposed, and
at least one of these has actually been implemented. These algorithms
typically treat _embedded_ resolution of singularities: the
singularities of a singular variety X sitting inside a smooth ambient
space W are resolved by defining an appropriate invariant of a
singularity of X, blowing up the ambient space W in an appropriate
"center", and showing that the invariant has dropped after the blow
up.

Typically, these algorithms blow up in smooth centers that are
contained in the singular locus of X. One problem with such an
approach is that many "bureaucratic" blowings-up may become necessary,
whose sole purpose is to bring the singularities of X into a
sufficiently canonical position so that a "real" blowing up can
improve the invariant. A case in point occurs when the singular locus
of X exhibits (local) symmetry, for example, when it is the union of
several lines through the origin. To conserve the symmetry, the
algorithm would have to blow up the entire singular locus at once, but
it can't, because the union of lines is itself a singular algebraic
variety, so not a smooth center. Thus, if one is after a _canonical_
resolution of singularities of X, the loss of canonicity that arises
from choosing only one of the lines as the center of blow-up has to be
made up for later in the resolution process.

In the present talk, I want to explain the explicit polyhedral
geometry of the resolution of embedded toric hypersurfaces, and show
how blowing up in non-reduced ideals may help to conserve symmetry. I
will mention connections to unpublished work by Rosenberg and a recent
construction of graph-associahedra by Devadoss, and provide a
counter-example showing that in general, it may be impossible to
conserve all the symmetry of X in a single blow-up.

This is joint work with Herwig Hauser.

**Colloquium - 16:00**

*Abstract:*

A graph is said to be k-linked if for each choice of k pairs of terminal nodes (s_1,t_1), ..., (s_k, t_k) there
exist pairwise disjoint paths P_1, ..., P_k, such that P_i starts in s_i and ends in t_i. The problem of
deciding k-linkedness of a graph is also known as the k vertex-disjoint path problem. It is well-studied in
graph theory. I will talk about the special case where the graph is that of a polytope.
We say a polytope is k-linked if its graph is k-linked.
Let k(d,n) be the largest integer such that any d-polytope on n vertices is k(d,n)-linked.
In this talk, I will show how to determine k(d,n) for all polytopes with at most ~6d/5 vertices.
This result combines a construction, originally due to Gallivan, with a simple result about
polytopes with few vertices. I will sketch a proof of the fact that simplicial polytopes
are [d+1/2]-linked, a result of Larman and Mani. In the general case, lower and upper
bounds for k(d,n) will ge given.
This is joint work with Axel Werner.

Letzte Aktualisierung:
30.05.2007