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Preprint 542-1996

Combinatorial Optimization & Graph Algorithms group (COGA-Preprints)

On the NP-Completeness of Channel and Switchbox Routing Problems
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The design of integrated circuits has achieved a great deal of attention in the last decade. In the routing phase, an open layout problem has survived which is important from both the theoretical and the practical point of view. The channel routing problem has been known to be solvable in polynomial time when there are only 2-terminal nets, and is proved by Sarrafzadeh to be NP}-complete in case that there exists nets containing at least six terminals. Also the 5-terminal case is claimed to be NP}-complete. In our paper, we give a simple proof for the NP}-completeness of the 5-terminal channel routing problem. This proof is based on a reduction from a special version of the satisfiability problem. Based on the techniques introduced in this paper and a result of HSS97} stating the NP}-completeness of the 3-terminal switchbox routing problem, we prove the 4-terminal 3-sided switchbox routing problem to be NP}-complete.
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