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Preprint 24-2009

Combinatorial Optimization & Graph Algorithms group (COGA-Preprints)

Title
Approximability of 3- and 4-hop bounded disjoint paths problems
Authors
Andreas Bley and Jose Neto
Classification
not available
Keywords
Graph algorithms, length-bounded paths, complexity, approximation algorithms
Abstract
A path is said to be l-bounded if it contains at most l edges. We consider two types of l-bounded disjoint paths problems. In the maximum edge- or node-disjoint path problems MEDP(l) and MNDP(l), the task is to find the maximum number of edge- or node-disjoint l-bounded (s,t)-paths in a given graph G with source s and sink t, respectively. In the weighted edge- or node-disjoint path problems WEDP(l) and WNDP(l), we are also given an integer k and non-negative edge weights, and seek for a minimum weight subgraph of G that contains k edge- or node-disjoint l-bounded (s,t)-paths. Both problems are of great practical relevance in the planning of fault-tolerant communication networks, for example.
Even though length-bounded cut and flow problems have been studied intensively in the last decades, the NP-hardness of some 3- and 4-bounded disjoint paths problems was still open. In this paper, we settle the complexity status of all open cases showing that WNDP(3) can be solved in polynomial time, that MEDP(4) is APX-complete and approximable within a factor of 2, and that WNDP(4) and WEDP(4) are APX-hard and NPO-complete, respectively.
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