#
Monday Lecture and Colloquium

**Monday, June 7, 2010**

Technische Universität Berlin

Institut für Mathematik

Straße des 17. Juni 136

10623 Berlin

MA 041

** Lecture - 14:15**

###
Anders Björner, KTH Stockholm

### A q-analogue of the FKG inequality and some applications

*Abstract:*

The FKG inequality of Fortuin, Kasteleyn and Ginibre (1971) originated
as a correlation inequality in statistical mechanics. It has many applications in
discrete probability and extremal combinatorics.

In this talk we present a polynomial coefficient-wise inequality that refines the
original FKG inequality. This polynomial FKG inequality has applications to
$f$-vectors of joins of simplicial complexes, to Betti numbers of intersection of
Schubert varieties, and to power series weighted by Young tableaux.
The latter case includes a correlation inequality for the poissonization of
Plancherel measure on symmetric groups, a probability measure on the set
of all integer partitions.

The talk will be quite elementary and no previous familiarity with these topics will be assumed.

** Colloquium - 16:00**

### Yuri Rabinovich, Haifa

### FINITE VOLUME SPACES AND RELATED ISSUES

*Abstract:*

We introduce and study finite volumes, the high dimensional generalization
of finite metrics. Notions, concepts and methods of the theory of
finite metric spaces often extend to finite volume spaces, leading
to new intriguing problems, as well as to new perspectives in the
theory of simplicial complices. For example, introducing the class of
L_1 volumes (an analogue of L_1 metrics), and studying how well can they
approximate an arbitrary volume function, we naturally arrive at the notion
of expansion of a simplicial complex. High dimensional analogues of network
flows, graph spanners and spectral gaps also arrise rather naturally in this
contex. We shall discuss these notions, and present some related results.

A separate issue is the dimension reduction for L_1 metrics and volumes.
We introduce new tools (related to the sparsification techniques of Karger
et al., and Spielman et al.), and show that there is indeed a dimension
reduction phenomenon for L_1 volumes, although not to the same striking
degree as in the Euclidean case. For L_1 metrics we show a linear upper
bound on number of dimensions, improving the previously best known
O(n log n) bound due to Schechtman.

Based on a joint work with Ilan Newman.

Letzte Aktualisierung:
25.05.2010